THE NATIONAL TRUST’S CONSERVATION & RESTORATION PROJECTS ON KINDERThe National Trust acquired Kinder in 1982. The specialist challenges presented by the eroded and diminished, fragile and rare moorland heathered environment has been given considerable attention since that time, and the mountain is a Site of Special Scientific Interest, a Special Protection Area for Birds and a Special Area for Conservation. In 2010 the Trust began a £2.5 million restoration project with additional funding from Biffa, and all efforts to repair and maintain the landscape, much of which is pioneering at a global level, are being monitored. The National Trust details all its activities on Kinder on their website.
Locally and nationally, the Kinder Trespass of 1932 is annually remembered and recognised as the significant moment in the history of rambler’s rights, and the creation of National Parks. How the event is remembered locally may be somewhat different to the reaction at the time, as is the case with moments of change in society. The trespassers were a well organised, highly motivated group from Sheffield, with support from The Manchester Ramblers, and had little to do with the dynamics of Hayfield per se, but they made their point on the memorable “Forbidden Mountain” of Kinder Scout, which, at 2,088ft, is the highest point of the Peaks, and the most accessible summit to many urban areas.James Watt’s letters on the subject in The Times are contained in the house history file, and perhaps display a certain diplomatic reserve. He was owner of one of the six estates on Kinder at the time and the disturbances did not take place on his land, although he was no doubt affected by the harm done to his gamesman, Edward Beever, on the day.
James Watts sold the land for the reservoir to Stockport Corporation for £64,000 and a further £756,000 was borrowed for the construction. This equates to around £5.5 million and £64 million today. Brumhead and Rangeley’s book, ‘The Kinder Reservoir and Railway’ charts the amazing saga of the construction and contains a comprehensive collection of photographs, drawings and maps. The centenary of it opening was held at the base of the dam in May 2012.
Kinder Scout is one of the most well-walked mountains in Britain. Its geological, geophysical, biological and social history are well documented on the internet and in print, relating to the myths and legends that surround it and the places of interest to be found on it. Illuminating searches can be had with regards to: Kinder’s stones, Mermaids Pool, Kinder Cavern, Edale Cross, The Downfall, Kinder Long Barrow, Williams Clough and the ancient industries of iron smelting, charcoal production, cutlery manufacture, woodland clearing and millstone making.
The Upper House estate comprises 30 acres of private woodland, extensive gardens and 90 acres of Kinder Reservoir. This completely private enclave is nestled within the 6,000 acre National Trust’s Kinder Estate, within the Peak District National Park. Located just 25 miles from Manchester Airport and within easy reach of all major motorway networks.